Following the Copenhagen fiasco, the executive secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Yvo de Boer of the Netherlands, resigned in frustration. He had, he said in a 2013 interview with Bloomberg Business, lost his faith in climate diplomacy. "The only way that a 2015 agreement can achieve a 2-degree goal is to shut down the whole global economy," he said.
— quote from Der Spiegel
Der Spiegel has published a long article called Is Capitalism Destroying Our Planet? (Naomi Klein's book is just now getting published in Germany.)
There are two answers to that question — Yes and No. The first answer is obvious and indisputable.
The second answer rejects the idea that "capitalism" is destroying (more accurately) the biosphere, and shifts the blame to where it belongs — humans are destroying the biosphere and capitalism is the economic frame of reference through which this destructive behavior is expressed.
Here is an excerpt from an essay I abandoned in December, 2014. As you read this fragment, bear in mind that this material is presented without supporting sources and arguments. If you think this fragment is incomplete, or open to various counterarguments, you are certainly correct.
These remarks apply only to large, complex industrialized human societies.